O canto como comunicação interpessoal e intrapessoal
Palavras-chave:Canto dirigido ao bebê, Fala dirigida ao bebê, Expressão emocional, Melodias da fala, Comunicação musical, Vocalização humana
ResumoA vocalização humana apresenta pontos chave do nosso desenvolvimento musical e é ela que promove nossas primeiras manifestações de habilidades para podermos nos comunicar musicalmente. As melodias da fala constituem os primeiros elementos linguísticos a serem vivenciados e dominados, e são precursores indistinguíveis do canto melódico, posto que são elementos essenciais na comunicação musical intrapessoal e interpessoal. O canto como forma de comunicação tem origem nos contornos melódicos vocais, cujos intervalos musicais são explorados na fala dirigida do adulto1 (pais, responsáveis ou cuidadores)2 ao bebê3 (lactente ou criança) para promover o desenvolvimento da linguagem. Características semelhantes, porém, mais explícitas, são evidenciadas no canto dirigido do adulto ao bebê através de canções de ninar e de canções de brincar. Esses elementos musicais básicos da comunicação podem ser percebidos ainda no útero e formam as bases para as vocalizações e comportamentos musicais subsequentes do bebê. Além disso, a integração fundamental da emoção com a percepção e a cognição dá origem a uma rede de comportamentos vocais e emocionais interligados que são centrais para a comunicação humana. O capítulo investigará a crescente evidência da comunicação musical como parte integral da vocalização humana e da expressão emocional.
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